Argentina is sub dived into 23 provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires.
Although the most populated areas are generally temperate, Argentina has an exceptional climate diversity, ranging from subtropical in the north to sub polar in the far south. The average annual precipitation ranges from 150 millimeters (6 in) in the driest parts of Patagonia to over 2,000 millimeters (79 in) in the westernmost parts of Patagonia and the northeastern parts of the country. Mean annual temperatures range from 5 Â°C (41.0 Â°F) in the far south to 25 Â°C (77.0 Â°F) in the north.
The country presents entire range of possible climates: temperate, dry warm, humid warm, cold dry, cold humid, semi-arid, steppe, sub Antarctic, subtropical, snowy, cold mountain, and a huge variety of microclimates.
Argentina is a mega diverse country hosting one of the greatest ecosystem varieties in the world: 15 continental zones, 3 oceanic zones, and the Antarctic region are all represented in its territory. This huge ecosystem variety has led to a biological diversity that is among the world's largest:
9,372 cataloged vascular plant species (ranked 24th)
1,038 cataloged bird species (ranked 14th)
375 cataloged mammal species (ranked 12th)
338 cataloged reptilian species (ranked 16th)
162 cataloged amphibian species (ranked 19th)
Across the broad midriff stretch Argentina's most archetypal landscapes: the mostly flat pampas grazed by millions of cattle - subtly beautiful scenery formed by horizon-to-horizon plains interspersed with low sierras, and punctuated by small agricultural towns, the odd ranch and countless clumps of pampas grass. These wide open spaces are among the country's best assets - despite its mammoth area its population of 33 million weighs in at far less than Spain's. This is a land with huge swaths still waiting to be explored let alone settled.
Because the huge metropolis of Buenos Aires, home to two-fifths of the population, is one of the most exciting, charming and fascinating of all South American capitals. It's an immensely enjoyable place just to wander about, stopping off for an espresso or an ice cream, or people-watching, or shopping, or simply soaking up the unique atmosphere. Its many barrios, or neighbourhoods, are startlingly different, some decadently old-fashioned, others thrustingly modern, but all of them oozing character. Added to that, Buenos Aires is the country's gastronomic mecca and boasts a frenzied nightlife that makes it one of the world's great round-the-clock cities. City of Buenos Aires, is in the midst of a tourism boom. Buenos Aires, regarded as the Paris of South America, offers elegant architecture, exquisite cuisine, a legendary nightlife, and fashionable shopping
The country presents entire range of possible climates: temperate, dry warm, humid warm, cold dry, cold humid, semi-arid, steppe, subantarctic, subtropical, snowy, cold mountain, and a huge variety of microclimates.
Things to do in Buenos Aires:
1. Become a Boca fan
Ole, ole ole, ole. The most thrilling and visceral experience of any visit to Buenos Aires is probably donning a fluffy blue and yellow hat and bouncing along with the tribal fanatics of Maradona's beloved team. The intoxicating display of the leaping and singing multitude is often more exciting than the game on the pitch. There is no more intense encounter than Boca Juniors playing their rivals River Plate. But any visit to Boca Juniors' intimate Bombonera stadium will be an adventure that you'll never forget. A word of warning, hang on to your wallet!
2. Eat intestines and even more glands
Possibly even a more essential cut than the wonderful steak is the offal. The chorizo and morcilla (black pudding) will usually be accompanied by crispy chinchulines (chitterling), briny riÃ±on (liver) and the truly delectable molleja (sweetbread). As they arrive on your plate, you could be forgiven for a wobble at the sight of their biological appearance. But if you persist, you'll be treated to a quintessentially Argentinian feast. Don't forget your camera - it will be great for grossing out your friends when you get home.
3. Mind your toes at a milonga
The spirit of tango oozes from every corner of Buenos Aires. Milongas (tango nights) blend the familiarity of a social club with the elegance of a 1930s ballroom dance.. The traditional milongas attract the older crowd, but several welcome novices.
4. Drink until the early hours
Although the food is great, crawlers rarely look beyond the drinks menu. The cocktails are ingenious and the vast wine list is mostly available by the glass.
5. Pick up classic souvenirs
Once you've tanned, tangoed and drunk yourself silly, then it's time to go home. So don't forget to take a few souvenirs with you. Fill your cellar with traditional Malbec wine from any supermarket and if you're a collector of curios, a gaucho knife set is a must-buy from the stalls at Feria de Mataderos.
6. See a polo match in Palermo*
Long regarded as a sport for the elite and possibly the world's oldest sport, polo has made Argentina famous. The sport is played in Buenos Aires between September and November. The latter is the golden month when the Abierto Argentino de Palermo (Argentinean Open) takes place at the magnificent 16,000-capacity Campo Argentino de Polo.
7. Tango, tango and yet more tango!*
Carlos Gardel was to tango what Elvis was to rock 'n' roll. He is probably the most prominent figure in the history of ballroom dance. A new house museum, the Museo Casa Carlos Gardel, celebrates his legendary years in Buenos Aires, and you can pay your respects to him at the Cementerio la Chacarita. If you want to give tango a whirl, head to the Centro Cultural Torquato Tasso, a serious venue in which respected artists perform regularly. If you prefer to dip and swirl members of the same sex, then the gay milongas are the place to be. La Marshall and Tango Entre Muchachos are excellent venues for queer tango.
Santiago del Estero
The province of Santiago del Estero is included in the north portion of the great plain chaco-pampeana that runs from north to south, in the center of the country. This north sector of the plain Chaco-Pampeana calls herself Region ChaqueÃ±a.
The city Santiago del Estero is the oldest city in the country. It was founded in 1.553. Its Basilica Menor was the first one to be built in Argentina.
The soil, rich in lime and salt, is arid and presents semi-deserts and steppes. The predominant weather is sub-tropical with dry season and high temperatures during the entire year; the annual average is 21.5Â°C, with maximums of up to 47Â°C and minimums of -5Â°C. The dry season, during the winter, receives an average of 120 mm of precipitation, but the annual average is 700 mm.
Thermal Baths Hondo River is an ideal place to enjoy medicinal waters. It has an efficient hotel infrastructure, six pools and camping and leisure areas. Winter is the ideal season to visit this location.
Feeling that is danced and percolates through the curbs of the one hundred porteÃ±o neighbourhoods. Existential philosophy of the suburbs. All your history, your men and women, the neighbourhoods, the sidewalks and the skies that drain through time in the city: Buenos Aires par Excellence.
We cannot elude tango when we refer to our inextricable cultural identity. Writer Jorge Luis Borges defined it as "... the most outspread Argentinean production , which has insolently proclaimed the Argentinean name across the face of the Earth. It is evident that we must find out about its origins and prescribe a genealogy where neither the deified legend nor the definite truth be missing."
So far , everyone from the intellectual to the suburban create, feel and speak the language of tango. And even though much has happened since 1880, the essence of Tango, brazen , unrestrainable and bonded by blood, remains latent in the canteens of La Boca and in the saloon bars of Recoleta.
Gaucho or gaÃºcho (Portuguese) is a word with several meanings. In its historical sense a gaucho was "A mestizo who, in the 18th and 19th centuries, inhabited Argentina, Uruguay and Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil". Today, in Argentina and Uruguay, a gaucho is simply "A country person, experienced in traditional cattle ranching work". Because historical gauchos were reputed to be brave, if unruly, the word is also applied metaphorically to mean "Noble, brave and generous".
The gaucho is a national symbol in both Argentina and Uruguay. Gauchos became greatly admired and renowned in legends, folklore and in literature and became an important part of their regional cultural tradition.